Breeding

(Photo courtesy of Summerhill Stud)

BREEDING

There are approximately 300 registered breeders active in South Africa.

Stud farms are primarily concentrated in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, but there are also breeding operations in the Eastern Cape, Karoo and Highveld regions.

Summerhill Stud in KwaZulu-Natal has dominated the breeders’ standings in recent years, having been champion breeders ten times between 2005 and 2016. Klawervlei Stud of the Western Cape took the Championship in the missing two years, and continues to dominate.

South African breeders have long sought out international blood to improve the local breed. Nine of the top ten General Sires are male-line descendants of Northern Dancer and Mr Prospector, with the sole exception being the Roberto line horse Captain Al.
Former G1 Grand Prix de Paris winner Fort Wood (Sadler’s Wells) can rightfully be described as one of the most influential stallions to ever stand in South Africa. The half-brother to US champion Timber Country (Woodman) died in 2015, but was both champion sire and champion broodmare sire, and is the sire of leading sire Dynasty who himself has no less than five young sons at stud.

The success of locally bred stallions such as Jet Master, Captain Al and Dynasty is testament to the worth of South African breeders. Fort Wood stood at Mauritzfontein Stud -which previously stood former Washington DC International winner Wilwyn (Pink Flower) –South Africa’s Champion Sire of 1964 -1965. However, while Fort Wood was an undeniably important and hugely influential sire, he never achieved the dominance of such champion sires as Asbestos (whose sons won the first five Cape Derbies) or 11 time champion sire Polystome.

Jet Master / Racing South Africa (p)

In more recent times, the sires list has been dominated by the likes of Jet Master (champion sire seven times), Foveros (champion sire eight times), Western Winter (champion sire three times) and Captain Al (champion sire in 2014/15 and Champion Sire of Two Year Olds for the past eight seasons running).

The leading active stallions in the country are Silvano (Lomitas), Trippi (End Sweep) and Dynasty (Fort Wood). It is interesting to note that one is American, one is German, and the other a South African bred by an imported sire.

VIEW BREEDERS

SALES SELECTION CRITERIA

Guidelines from the yearling sales selectors


Yearlings are scored out of 20 points.
Per the requests of the vendors, more emphasis is placed on conformation. Therefore, the “physical score” counts 10 of the total of 20. Mare and stallion count for 5 points each.

Pedigree Ratings

All ratings change on an ongoing basis, dependant on performance of progeny.
Stallions and mares are both rated out of 5.
A score of 5 is only given to the very best proven producers. A score of 2.5 represents the average. For stallions, a score of 1 represents a total failure. For mares, a bad producer/race filly with a poor pedigree would likewise, score 1.

AFRICAN HORSE SICKNESS

AFRICAN HORSE SICKNESS (AHS)


39.1.1 All HORSES and all FOALS shall be vaccinated against African Horse Sickness by a veterinary surgeon, using a registered, non-expired vaccine according to the manufacturer’s recommendations, in accordance with the programme of vaccination as published from time to time in the RACING CALENDAR. Such vaccine shall be supplied by the Veterinarian administering the vaccine.
39.2 The OWNER, the TRAINER and/or any other PERSON responsible for the care, treatment or training of a HORSE which is required to be vaccinated in accordance with RULE 39.1 shall be individually and jointly responsible for ensuring that such HORSE is so vaccinated.
39.3 The OWNER, the TRAINER and/or any other PERSON responsible for the care, treatment or training of a HORSE which is required to be vaccinated in terms of RULE 39.1 shall be guilty of an offence if such HORSE is not vaccinated as prescribed.

EQUINE INFLUENZA

39.7 EQUINE INFLUENZA


9.7.1 All HORSES and all FOALS shall be vaccinated by a PERSON or veterinary surgeon against Equine Influenza both in accordance with the programme of vaccinations and with a non-expired vaccine from the recommended list as determined by the NATIONAL BOARD and as published from time to time in the RACING CALENDAR; provided that only a veterinary surgeon shall supply and administer the vaccine to all HORSES trained by, or under the care, or in the stable of a TRAINER.
39.7.9 “Any HORSE or FOAL not vaccinated in accordance with RULE 39.7.1 will be required to be re-vaccinated according to the vaccination programme provided for in RULE 39.7.1

EQUINE HERPES VIRUS

GUIDELINES FOR DEALING WITH EQUINE HERPES VIRUS


Equine Herpes virus is a disease endemic to South Africa (and most of the world) causing abortions in mares, respiratory problems in young horses and possibly also neurological disease. The neurological syndrome is seldom seen in the Southern Hemisphere but may occur.

The major problem for the racing industry, apart from abortions on stud farms, is the “down time” and resultant economic loss when young horses in racing yards suffer from respiratory infections. These are not all caused by Herpes virus, but it would probably play a significant role in most cases. This is largely due to the fact that any form of stress will allow Herpes virus to flourish and young horses coming from the farm into racing yards are placed under severe stress.

COSTS

Breeder’s Registration Fees

Registration as a Mare and/or Stallion Owner

By a person (annual) - R1523

By a partnership where all the parties are currently registered as mare owners and/or stallion owners (annual) - R668

By a partnership where all the parties are not currently registered as mare owners and/or stallion owners (annual) - R1523

Registration and change of ownership of a Mare

Registration of a mare at stud (initial) - R807

Change of ownership of a mare at stud (payable by the purchaser) - R807 - R272

Registration and change of ownership of a Stallion

Registration of a stallion at stud (annual) - R6411

Registration of a stallion at stud (initial) - R6476

Change of ownership of a stallion at stud (payable by the purchaser) - R6476

Registration of a foal born in 2016 - R1988

Administration Fee - R318

Foal Identification Fee - R792

Breeder Levy - R878

Registration of a foal born during a year prior to 2016 (e.g. 2015, 2014 etc.) - R2522

Completion of the yearling Identification Document on behalf of the breeder - R257

Miscellaneous Fees and Charges

For every report of arrears and defaults - R3601

For every export certificate - R459

For every tabulated pedigree of a horse (from) - R459

For searching for miscellaneous information (from) - R330

For one copy of the record of an inquiry or objection (per page or part page) - R5

Registration of a spelling farm – initial application - R2673

Registration of a spelling farm – re-application - R1765

For the issue of a replacement passport, subject to the approval of the National Board, a fee not exceeding - R1256

Members Annual subscription - R252

Fractional Owner - R807